2017考研英语二真题——阅读 Text One参考答案及解析
21. According to Paragraph1, Parkrun has .
[A] gained great popularity [B] created many jobs
[C] strengthened community ties [D] become an official festival
【答案】[A] gained great popularity
【解析】事实细节题。题目问得是根据第一段的内容，Parkrun的具体相关信息。答案定位到文章第一段的第二句 “The Parkrun phenomenon began with a dozen friends and has inspired 400 events in the UK and more abroad. Events are free, staffed by thousands of volunteers.”，答案A选项中的gained great popularity 是对 inspired 400 events in the UK and more abroad的同义改写，即，Parkrun广受欢迎。
22. The author believes that London’s Olympic“legacy” has failed to .
[A] boost population growth [B] promote sport participation
[C] improve the city’s image [D] increase sport hours in schools
【答案】[B] promote sport participation
【解析】观点细节题。题目问得是作者认为：伦敦奥运会的附带作用未完成...。答案定位到文章第二段的第第四句及第五句 “The population would be fitter, healthier and produce more winners. It has not happened. The number of adults doing weekly sport did rise, by nearly 2 million in the run—up to 2012—but the general population was growing faster.”，答案B选项中的promote sport participation 是对 The population would be fitter, healthier and produce more winners. It has not happened的同义改写，即，作者认为伦敦奥运会的附带作用未促进民众对于体育运动的参加情况。
23. Parkrun is different from Olympic games in that it .
[A] aims at discovering talents [B] focuses on mass competition
[C] does not emphasize elitism [D] does not attract first-timers
【答案】[C] does not emphasize elitism
【解析】因果细节题。题目问得是作者认为：Parkrun与奥运会的不同在于...。答案定位到文章第三段 “The Olympic bidders, by contrast, wanted to get more people doing sports and to produce more elite athletes.”，答案C选项中的does not emphasize elitism是对 to produce more elite athletes的同义改写，即，Parkrun与运动会不同在于Parkrun并不是以培养体育精英为目的。
24. With regard to mass sport, the author holds that governments should.
[A] organize “grassroots” sports events[B] supervise local sports associations
[C] increase funds for sports clubs [D] invest in public sports facilities
【答案】[D] invest in public sports facilities
【解析】观点细节。题目问得是作者认为：就大众运动，政府应该...。答案定位到文章第四段 “ If there is a role for government, it should really be getting involved in providing common goods—making sure there is space for playing fields and the money to pave tennis and netball courts, and encouraging the provision of all these activities in schools..”，答案D选项中的invest in public sports facilities是对 it should really be getting involved in providing common goods的同义改写，即，作者认为政府应为大众投资更多运动基础设施。
25. The author’s attitude to what UK governments have done for sports is.
[A] tolerant [B] critical [C] uncertain [D] sympathetic
【解析】态度题。题目问得是作者对政府行为的态度。答案定位到文章第四段 “But successive governments have presided over selling green spaces, squeezing money from local authorities and declining attention on sport in education. Instead of wordy, worthy strategies, future governments need to do more to provide the conditions for sport to thrive. Or at least not make them worse.”，答案B选项 critical是在该句中体现的，即，作者就英国政府对体育的所为的态度是...。通过看到“but”一词就可知此处是作者真正要表达的意图，英国政府本该为民众提供更多的体育基础设施，而英国政府真正做的却是大规模销售绿地及从地方当局压榨钱财等不人道的行为，由此可见作者的批评态度。