历年考研英语真题下载:2007年考研英语真题

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  Section I Use of English

  Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C, and D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  By 1830 the former Spanish and Portuguese colonies had become independent nations. The roughly 20 million __1__ of these nations loved __2__ to the future. Born in the crisis of the old regime and Iberian Colonialism, many of the leaders of independence __3__ the ideals of representative government, careers __4__ to talent, freedom of commerce and trade, the __5__ to private property, and a belief in the individual as the basis of society. __6__ there was a belief that the new nations should be sovereign and independent states, large enough to be economically viable and integrated by a __7__ set of laws.

  On the issue of __8__ of religion and the position of the church, __9__, there was less agreement __10__ the leadership Roman Catholicism had been the state religion and the only one __11__ by the Spanish crown, __12__ most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism __13__ the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the __14__ of other faiths. The defense of the Church became a rallying __15__ for the conservative forces.

  The ideals of the early leaders of independence were often egalitarian, valuing equality of everything. Bolivar had received aid from Haiti and had __16__ in return to abolish slavery in the areas he liberated. By 1854 slavery had been abolished everywhere except Spain’s __17__ colonies. Early premise to end Indian tribute and taxes on people of mixed origin came much __18__ because the new nations still needed the revenue such policies __19__ Egalitarian sentiments were often tempered by fears that the mass of the population was __20__ self-rule and democracy.

  1.[A] natives inhabitants [C] peoples [D] individuals

  2.[A] confusedly cheerfully [C] worriedly [D] hopefully

  3.[A] shared forgot [C] attained [D] rejected

  4.[A] related close [C] open [D] devoted

  5.[A] access succession [C] right [D] return

  6.[A] Presumable Incidentally [C] Obviously [D] Generally

  7.[A] unique common [C] particular [D] typical

  8.[A] freedom origin [C] impact [D] reform

  9.[A] therefore however [C] indeed [D] moreover

  10.[A] with about [C] among [D] by

  11.[A] allowed preached [C] granted [D] funded

  12.[A] Since If [C] Unless [D] While

  13.[A] as for [C] under [D] against

  14.[A] spread interference [C] exclusion [D] influence

  15.[A] support cry [C] plea [D] wish

  16.[A] urged intended [C] expected [D] promised

  17.[A] controlling former [C] remaining [D] original

  18.[A] slower faster [C] easier [D] tougher

  19.[A] created produced [C] contributed [D] preferred

  20.[A] puzzled by hostile to [C] pessimistic about [D] unprepared for

  。。。。。。

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